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Types of aluminum sheet metal


Types of aluminum sheet metal

By adding other alloying elements to pure aluminum to improve and increase its characteristics, this alloying process allows the use of multiple grades of aluminum alloys. There are so many grades of aluminum that the Aluminum Association classifies these types of aluminum into several categories based on alloying elements and material properties. This article will briefly introduce the types of aluminum sheet metal. These grades are usually four-digit identifiers that contain information about their ingredients and processes. In their names, use the first digit to indicate the grade series, and the remaining three digits describe the specific alloy, hardening process, and other information that may be useful to the manufacturer.

Types of aluminum sheet metal 1000

This is commercial pure aluminum with a minimum purity of 99%. It is soft, ductile, and has excellent workability, its work hardening is slow, and it cannot be heat treated. It has excellent corrosion resistance and weldability, and is most commonly used in food processing and chemical industries. Al 1100 has the highest thermal conductivity of all aluminum and is known for its electrical conductivity. Al 1050 is the lowest strength among all commercial grade aluminum. It is most often used under H14 temper temper.

Types of aluminum sheet metal 3000

The 3000 series is the most widely used aluminum alloy. It has excellent workability and corrosion resistance, and it reacts well to surface treatments such as lamination or anodizing. Like the 1000 series, it is also a non-heat-treatable metal. But the strength is about 20% higher than the 1xxx series. It can be used for aluminum fins, heat exchangers, cookware, etc.

Types of aluminum sheet metal 5000

A casting alloy that uses magnesium as the main alloying element. The same cannot be heat-treated, but it does not affect other excellent characteristics it possesses. The highest strength alloy among non-heat-treated grades. Due to its high quality, it has a wide range of uses-construction, storage tanks and pressure vessels, electronics and beverage cans. It must be mentioned that the 5052 alloy has excellent aesthetics on the surface after being anodized. 5000 aluminum sheet is a kind of aluminum sheets for boats.

Types of aluminum sheet metal 6000

Silicon and magnesium are the main alloying elements in the 6000 series. Heat-treatable alloy; has a wide range of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance; has high tensile properties, excellent finishing ability; also very suitable for anodizing. The application is too wide, Especially 6061 alloy so that it is possible to see its application in aircraft, automobile, ship applications and even building materials and construction.

Types of aluminum sheet metal 7000

Types of aluminum sheet metal 7000 is also a heat-treatable alloy with the highest strength during heat treatment. It is the strongest good corrosion resistance of all commercial aluminum grades. Moderate weld-ability and formability. The 7075 level is the most common level among the 7000 levels. It may be unbelievable that 7075 aluminum is stronger than many types of mild steel. Typical uses are aircraft structures. Other uses include mobile and hydraulic equipment and other high-stress parts.
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